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The meaning of Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa, Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh can be explained as below: Wahe means great and greatness. Guru is again split in 2 words i.e. Gu which means darkness. The mind is in darkness of the higher power. The mind has been polluted with all wrong stuff from all direction for many years and life times. Ru means light. God's light can provide us with direction to find our true self. i.e Ru is light of God; Waheguru as in whole word means the greatest of the greatest that holds the power to eliminate the darkness from mind and turn it into light of God. However, before we can eliminate it we need to find out that what it is that we want to eliminate, and what form is darkness; darkness can be lust, anger, greed, attachments, ego, hate, anger, back stabbing, steeling, lying, cheating, misleading, misrepresenting etc. Ji is a word of respect like sir, like we say uncle ji Ka means His, who it belongs to, who khalsa belongs to is waheguru; Khalsa means pure. We can only become pure, if we see God in all without any of these lust, anger, greed, attachments, ego, hate, anger, back stabbing, steeling, lying, cheating, misleading, misrepresenting i.e. darkness and then purity belongs to waheguru and khalsa belongs to waheguru. Therefore waheguru ji ka khalsa means purity belongs to waheguru, the creator. Fateh means victory. We are only victorious if we learn, love and follow Guru’s order, if we see God in all, without any of these lust, anger, greed, attachments, ego, hate, anger, back stabbing, steeling, lying, cheating, misleading, misrepresenting. Thus waheguru ji ki fateh means that if we become pure and become khalsa then any victory we attain; we are saying to our Guru Sahib Ji that this victory that He gave us belongs to Him. Once we follow Guru’s order and become khalsa, only then we will be blessed with His victory. Little clarification: • Khalsa is an Arabic word, meaning, literally, ‘pure’ and used in the administration terminology of the Muslim State system in India for the lands or fiefs directly held by the sovereign and not farmed out to landlords on certain conditions of military service and of making over to the State a share of the produce. In the term Khalsa, both these meanings are discerned. In one of Guru Hargobind’s Hukamnamas and in one of Guru Tegh Bahadur’s, Khalsa is used for the Guru’s devotees, with the implication particularly as ‘the Guru’s Own!’ As Guru Gobind Singh adopted the term and gave it centrality in the enunciation of the creed, the idea of purity perhaps came to acquire primacy. When Guru Gobind Singh sent a set of youths to Varanasi to study Sanskrit, they were given the appellation Nirmala which is the Sanskrit-based parallel to the Arabic khalsa. Nirmalas are now a Sikh sect, who have maintained traditions of high scholarship. Khalsa occurs also in the Guru Granth Sahib (GG, 654) where it is used in the sense of pure, emancipated. This term appealed to Guru Gobind Singh as being truly expressive of the vision of a noble, heroic race of men that he was creating. • Fateh, fatah in Arabic, literally means opening or forcing the portal of a besieged fort, implying victory. It has been used in the Qura’n in the sense of victory, and one of the attributive names of God in the Muslim tradition is Fattah (literally Opener, i.e. Vanquisher over all evil forces). Fateh as fatih occurs once in the Guru Granth Sahib “phahe kate mite gavan fatih bhai mani jit—the noose of Yama hath been cleft, transmigration hath ceased and, with the conquest of the self, true victory hath been achieved” (GG, 258). The implied meaning here is of a moral victory. Jit is a word from Punjabi tradition for victory, like jaikara has also become established in Sikh tradition and in the chant Panth ki Jit (Victory of the Panth) as repeated in the Sikh collective prayer daily. Fateh nonetheless remains the prime Sikh term for victory, and has been repeated again and again in Sikh history, down from the Persian couplet put on Sikh coins (Deg-o-Tegh-o-Fateh-e-nusrat bedarang, yaft az Nanak Guru Gobind Singh) to the common daily parlance of the Sikh people, wherein every success is designated as fateh.

Source: Quora